Posts Tagged ‘history’

Competition in Computers among Companies (3)


Leading in technology and controlling key standards enables a company to dominate the market and enjoy high margins that can be plowed back into further innovation. Growth further fuels the innovation cycle by ensuring there will be investors eager to underwrite expansion, talented employees willing to give their all, and a growing body of users […]

Competition in Computers among Companies (2)


The shift from mainframes to PCs was so dramatic that IBM’s stock plummeted from a high of more than $180 in the late 1980s to as low as $43 in 1993, and DEC’s stock price dropped from more than $190 in 1987 to less than $40. In 1993, IBM reported losses of $7.5 billion, the […]

Competition in Computers among Companies


The mainframe industry had been dominated by ten giants, including IBM, Burroughs, Honeywell, and Control Data in the United States, and ICL, Groupe Bull, and Nixdorf in Europe, which controlled 65% of the market in 1975 at the height of the central computing era, with another forty companies controlling 32%.